Whats the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2?

Hi everyone. My boss just found out her 16 year old daughter has type 1 diabetes. We were all very sad to hear the news.
Apparently she will be taking medication everyday for the rest of her life and she has a strict diet to follow. What’s the difference between type 1 and type 2?
Also, do people with diabetes have a tendency to be thin and lose a lot of weight because of their diet? Apparently before she was diagnosed, she lost 10 pounds within a month. Thanks!

12 thoughts on “Whats the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2?”

  1. ??a???? X says:

    Search keywords: Diabetes Type 1/2

  2. Type 1 diabetes is different than type 2 diabetes, which is the most common form of the illness. In type 1, the body stops making insulin. In type 2, the body does not make enough insulin, or the body can’t use insulin the right way. All people with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin. Some people with type 2 diabetes also need insulin, but most people can use diet, exercise, and medicine in pills to treat that illness.

  3. People can get diabetes at any age. There are three main kinds. Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. With this form of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin because the body’s immune system has attacked and destroyed them. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes taking insulin, making wise food choices, being physically active, taking aspirin daily (for some), and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol.

    Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset diabetes or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age—even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. Being overweight and inactive increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes using diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, being physically active, taking aspirin daily, and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol.

  4. type 1 you are born with it and it is insulin dependant so you have to use insulin injections because you body either doesnt produce insulin or doesnt produce enough.
    type 2 is when you get it at some point during your life. Most people who are overweight/obese get this. you are insulin independant. So your body produces insulin but doesnt use it the right way. So you need to control your life style like your diet and exercise.

  5. MamaSmurf says:

    Type one is usually diagnosed early in life, from birth to around the age of 30. There are many theories on why and what happens to the pancreas in type 1. It is thought to be a viruse that attacks it at some point. There are more cases of type 1 in states that have cold weather. These people are always insulin dependent and must inject insulin sometimes up to 6 times a day. The pancreas does not make any (or very little) insulin. In type 2, it is usually diagnosed after the age of 35, but can develop earlier. With this type there are 2 things that can happen. The pancreas can be making lots of insulin but the body is not using it correctly (this is insulin resistance) or the pancreas is not making enough insulin. People with type 2 usually have to take some type or oral meds, but some take insulin, and some take both. There are some type 2’s that can control their disease with diet and exercise for many years. Both types of diabetes can be genetic. Both types are caused by malfunctions of the pancreas and are not caused by the wrong diet, or being overweight. Both types of diabetics need to get daily exercise and watch their diets.

  6. Rematik S says:

    type 1 diabetes is absolute depent on insulin, cause damage of pancreas. we need insulin when we eat some food, to entering blood glucose result from our food into cell. type 2 diabetes cause resistensi insulin and little damage or problem secretion insulin. type 2 diabetes need insulin but not absolute depent on how high blood glucose

  7. ilovehollister says:

    type 1 is in ur genes and ur family history

    type 2 is eating to much sugar becoming overweight and basically not taking care of ur body.

    idk about the losing wiet thing. it could be part of it. if ur really interested you should research it online. it might have more info that we are giving u!

  8. I’ll see if I can find some links that talk about the differences between type 1 and type 2. They both deal with insulin, and have the same symptoms, but that’s where the similarities end.

    As far as the weight loss … type 1 diabetics will usually lose a lot of weight right before diagnosis. It has nothing to do with their diet. What happens is that their body is producing little or no insulin. Insulin is the key that allows the sugar in a person’s bloodstream to go into their cells. So without the insulin, they’re eating carbs and just ****** them back out without any of them being absorbed. So of course that would cause rapid weight loss.

    Here’s a link that explains it a little better than I just did:

  9. last question first: large amounts of insulin in the bloodstream not being used by the body causes the bod to use the fats first in attempting to keep the body healthy, then starts in on the muscles and depletes them trying to keep the body healthy, hence the weight loss in most diabetics of either type with uncontrolled glucose levels. It isn’t necessarily due to their dietary habits.

    Most of the dietary changes are to lower the grams of carbohydrate the person is eating, which the insulin in the body stores as fat. Fats themselves are filtered out by the kidneys and liver. But fat formed by carbohydrate is packed on for future use.

    The medication the girl will have to take are long acting insulin for basal about the same amount every day, and fast acting to deal with grams of carb at meal times or bolus which will depend on the number of carbs eaten in ratio to the units of insulin.

    With a very restricted meal plan the doctor is trying to prevent the insulin weight gain while neutralizing the amount of glucose floating around loose in the blood. This is a good beginner plan. It teaches how much insulin to take in reference to the foods eaten.

    This is Not the disaster it used to be. We have the glucometers now which make it very easy to see what our glucose numbers are right this minute. They used to have to *** on a strip and compare it to a chart. It wasn’t even close to any type of control. It merely told if one was over 300mg/dL YESTERDAY!!!

    Girls get pregnant and maintain their glucose control very well and have very healthy babies and mommies now, compared to when I was growing up. They live very healthy happy lives even if they have to inject insulin all day everyday for the rest of their lives and finger ***** at the drop of a hat.

    This is not much of a problem really!!! They are much healthier than those from the past.

    Oh, yes, Type 1 is caused by disease or damage to the pancreas that causes it to cease functioning.
    Type 2 is caused by the muscles not accepting the insulin to absorb the glucose available, Insulin Resistance. It usually runs to the pancreas ceasing to function as well, but the body remains insulin resistant so the person must take meds to make the muscles accept the glucose and insulins available.

    Better than 50% of all newly diagnosed type 2 persons are skinny, very highly active, never have been over weight or FAT!!! It strikes anyone from 2 to 102. No idea why but lots of ideas that it is genetic.

  10. Type one is genetic and you cant help it and type two is when you are over weight.

  11. ok, my younger brother was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes when he was 9 (he’s 13 now) so I’ve had to answer this question numerous times.
    Basically, type 1 diabetes occurs mostly in children, it does not go away, and (so far) there is no cure. It happens when the pancreas stops producing insulin, which is needed to regulate blood sugar levels. People with type 1 have to take insulin (my brother does 4 shots a day) and check their blood sugar levels a lot to prevent hypoglycemia(low blood sugar) and hyperglycemia(high blood sugar). Diet needs to be monitored, however most of the time you can still have sugar and all that as long as its monitored and accounted for when giving insulin. Symptoms are: weight loss, extreme thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, fatigue, irritability, etc.
    My brother lost a ton of weight before he was diagnosed, and could have gone into a coma. (His glucose level was almost 900, a normal level is 90-120)

    ok, well i dont know as much about type 2, but i do know it usually occurs in people who are overweight. Their pancreas can still produce insulin, but the body no longer uses it correctly. People with type 2 usually dont need insulin injections (most take a pill) and it can be treated and somewhat cured by careful diet and weight loss. (Meaning they no longer have to take medication for it, but it’s possible they will need to again).

    ok, well i hope that helps a little bit!

  12. type 1 diabetics have to take insulin shots for life and and get mainly by bad genes(bad luck). type 2 diabetics can take pills and really just have to watch what they eat and they will be able to live a normal life, type 2 diabetics get it mainly because of their poor eating, exercising habits. yes it is normal for them to lose weight because she didn’t have any insulin in her so her body convert her sugar into energy so it started to use her fat for energy.
    -hope this answers your questions.-

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